The Haganah – the word means “defense” – is established in early 1920 in order to defend against Arab violence.
It follows a policy of havlagah, or self-restraint, in later years, meaning it will only respond to attack and not go on the offensive. It will even strike out against the underground group the Irgun, which defies this policy.
The Haganah will eventually join the Irgun’s revolt when it becomes obvious British policy will not change – although it pulls out after the attack on the King David Hotel results in substantial loss of life.
Photo credit: Israel Government Press Office Photography Department